Spinal decompression therapy defined in detail


In the year 1985, Dr. Allan Dyer, PhD,  pioneered  nonsurgical spinal decompression therapy. He also invented first ever non surgical decompression table. This special non surgical  decompression table was named as VAX D which he introduced in the year 1991.

In the beginning, this device was working under pneumatic system. This device, hence, was applied and released by the force of traction, which help reduce muscle guarding and spasm problem.

Then in the year 2004, VAX-D company introduced a more efficient version of this table and named it as G2. In the G2 device the use of pneumatic technology was abolished by switching over to electrically driven components. In addition to that, this device was also attached with computer, wherein the practitioner can the logarithmic curve.

Now there are many doctors, scientists and corporations who are producing nonsurgical decompression tables. However, the idea behind all the corporations and doctors for making such products is based upon the original one, given by Dr. Allan Dyer.

What is Spinal Therapy?

The definition of Spinal decompression therapy is that it’s a therapy in which the pressure is relieved on either one or many pinched nerves related to the spinal column.

There are two methods to achieve decompression i.e. surgically and non surgically. Spinal therapy is used for treating the conditions in which patient suffers from back pain i.e. disc bulge. Other conditions in which Therapy is effective are disc herniation, sciatica, spinal stenonis, degenerative spondylolisthesis.


There are different procedures with with Surgical decompression can be performed. However, the most used procedures in today’s time are as follows.


The first procedure that is commonly in use is called Mircodiscectomy. The other name of Microdiscectomy is known as microdecompression. This type of surgical procedure is known as a minimally invasive surgical procedure. The reason of its being minimally invasive is that in this procedure a portion of herniated nucleus pulposus is eradicated through surgical instrument. Some doctors use laser instead of surgical instrument. When the laser is used, there will be use of microscopes for the purpose of magnification.


Open decompression which is also called Laminectomy is a surgical operation that is invasive in nature. In such kind of procedure a small portion of bone is eradicated from the patient’s spine. This helps to alleviate pressure implied on the pinched nerve.

This type of procedure is normally applied on those patients which did not show recovery through conventional treatment procedures.

Some knowledge

In nonsurgical spinal decompression, doctors use a mechanical traction device. With this device, there is a computer attached. The purpose of the computer attached is to control the force and angle of the disc distraction. This reduces patient’s body built in propensity to resist any external force. It is also used to generate muscle spasm.

spinal treatment

The benefit of using non-surgical decompression is the enhanced control which is applied on the traction force towards the discs of the spinal column. This procedure helps to reduce intradiscal pressure. This facility is not available in non computer traction tables, though.

Another procedure of therapy is called Inversion therapy. In this type of therapy, patient is hanging upside down to achieve decompression.

This type of therapy procedure is preferred as there is no risk associated with it. One does not need to bother about injections, anesthesia or troublesome surgery. It works in a series format wherein series of 15 one minute alternative decompression and soothing cycles covering up to 30 minutes of treatment.

In this procedure, the pressure of the disc is decreased and a situation like a vacuum is created in the nucleus pulposis. On the other hand nutrition is set to diffuse into the disc by permitting annulus fibrosus to get healed.

There are very rare cases in which the nerve root is compressed from the herniated disc. In normal cases the back and leg pain linked with the above mentioned conditions is due to irritation to the nerve root caused by the inflammatory chemical which are used for inflammation in the disc.

For a patient who is suffering from low back pain, he is made to lay on his back, and in some conditions over his stomach on the said decompression table. Straps are also placed around the waist and lower chest of the patient.

Fortunately, this type of procedure is very much welcomed by the patients due to its being very friendly and due to comfort it provides.


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