The wisdom teeth are classified into three categories. The first of all is called erupted wisdom teeth. The second category is called embedded wisdom teeth (because embedded teeth can’t grow normally because there is no much space in the jaw). The third category is called impacted or infected teeth. The infected wisdom teeth are the one which can’t grow up because there is always a blockage caused by neighboring teeth.
Infected wisdom tooth is called impacted wisdom tooth in medical jargon. It is not developed properly. The deterrence which causes its infection is the blockage created by other teeth.
It also happens when the teeth don’t have enough connection with one’s mouth. This narrow space causes a lot of pain which is medically called inflammation. In simple words inflammation of wisdom teeth is called “infection”.
Why Teeth get infected?
Wisdom teeth are normally infected because there is a difference between the size of the teeth and the jaw. There are many kinds of infected teeth which are classified according to the direction of infection.
Another component which determines the infection are, the depth of the infectious wisdom teeth and the amount of tooth crown. The amount of wisdom tooth is measured as to how deep it is through gum tissue or the tooth bone.
How to identify infected ones?
The identification of infected wisdom teeth can also be determined by the factor of the presence or absence of tooth related symptoms are diseases.
Normally, the realization of occurs in the later years of adolescence. By the time when one knows about the presence of a wisdom tooth, till then it is already in an infected position.
Panoramic radiographs are used for screening to see whether the tooth is infected or not. Conventional method of screening in less developed countries is through X-rays.
The infection caused by infected teeth is first treated by the prescription of antibiotics, soft tissue surgery or local deridement.
It has been noticed and widely surveyed that the treatment with antibiotics, soft surgery or local deridement is not very effective for treatment. Doctors do suggest and go through the conventional method of treatment. If the traditional methods fail, then ultimately doctor go for the option of removal of wisdom teeth.
The risks of wisdom teeth removal
The risk of removal of wisdom teeth is directly proportional to the difficulty faced in extraction. In a condition where there is a high risk in terms of IAN (Inferior Alveolar Nerve) then the doctor will only go for the removal of the crown of the tooth. Doctor will intentionally leave the roots in the jaw. This process is called coronectomy.
Risk associated with Coronectomy
After the process of coronectomy, in which only the crown of the wisdom teeth is removed while intentionally leaving roots in place is that chronic infection may remain in the shape of remnants of the tooth.
For the people who are younger than 30 years face a high risk for wisdom teeth removal infection when it comes to extractions of wisdom tooth completion.
Controversies in opinion
There is a controversy among doctors on the topic of removal of wisdom teeth in younger people. Doctors seem to conflict when it comes to the age and timing of operations.
Those doctors who support the idea to remove a tooth as early as possible think that the removal of it is alright because with the passage of time the cost of removing will increase with the complications as well.
On the other hand, those who are against the idea of retaining wisdom teeth say that, if a tooth is not troubling a person then there is no need to undergo surgery and related costs.
To Remove or Not to Remove
It all depends upon the doctor you visit. Be sure that you are visiting an experienced and qualified doctor. It is also vital to get consultation of various doctors if you are confused whether to operate or retain wisdom tooth. If the pain is unbearable, then traditional methods of having antibiotics will not work. In such case removal of an infected one becomes imminent.